The Inupiat called it Kingigin or ‘high bluff’ and called themselves Kingikmiut ‘the people of the high place’. Captain Cook (1778) called it ‘Cape Prince of Wales’. A reindeer station was established (1894). Punningly renamed ‘Wales’ it became an important whaling centre, due to its location along whale migratory routes. It’s population of 500 was decimated by an influenza outbreak (1918-19). Located where Alaska stretches toward Siberia it became significant again during the Cold War with Soviet and U.S. submarines played cat-and-mouse beneath the icy waters, whilst fighter jets chased above.
Thanks to Graham Kennison for pointing me in the direction of Wales, Alaska.